Water Fountain Structures

Different Types of Commonly Used Water Fountain Structures & Designs

Fountain Structures, Structural and design installation variations shown here are for the purpose of guidance only and show designs and constructions often used in practice.

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Structural Variation 1…
Key to the sketch here
A: Fountain Basin
B: Cable
C: Submersible Pump
D: Fountain Attachment (nozzle)

Structural variation I…  Most simple type of fountain unit by placing the basin directly on the floor; excavation works not necessary. The submersible pump is located in the basin and the cable is led over the basin edge.

Advantages: Little expenditure. Low costs.

Disadvantages: Relatively large an depth – danger of accident. High water changing costs. High cleaning expenditure since no drainage. Engineering fully visible. Risk of accident since cable and pump directly accessible.

Option: Overflow/drain fitting, freshwater supply fitting, underwater illumination, electric control panel, electronic water level control.

Structural Variation 2…
Key to the sketch here:
A: Cable Lead Out Armature
B: Central Unit (Stainless Steel)
C: Underwater Light
D: Cover Grating
E: Fountain Attachment (Nozzle)
F: Cable Protection Pipe
G: Submersible Pump
H: Overflow Drain Armature
I: Overflow Drain
J: Fountain Basin

Here the basin is placed into the ground. Special cavity for the submersible pump and engineering.

Advantages: Low water depth at the perimeter, system under grating cover. More graceful appearance. Well-appointed due to built-in fittings for drainage, overflow and cable entry.

Disadvantages: High costs and expenditure of work for basin, fittings and leads.

Option: Freshwater supply fitting, underwater illumination, electric control panel, electronic water level control.

Structural Variation 3
Key to the sketch here:
A: Fountain Basin
B: Fountain Attachment (Nozzle)
C: Bottom Transition
D: Water Distributor
E: Suction Strainer
F: Suction Pipe
G: Delivery Pipe
H: Wall Transition
I: Centrifugal Pump
J: Electric Control Panel

This is the most simple type of fountain unit with dry-mounted centrifugal pump.

The water basin is placed level with the ground. Suction and delivery pipes lead to a nearby cellar where the pump is located.

Advantages: Relatively little expenditure and low costs, since appointed fittings not used. No pump dismantling for winter.

Disadvantages: Large water depth – danger of accident. High water changing costs. High cleaning expenditure since no drainage. System partly visible.

Option: Overflow/drain fitting, freshwater supply fitting, underwater illumination, cable inlet, electric control panel, electronic water level control.

Structural Variation 4
Key to the sketch here:
A: Overflow Drain Pipe
B: Central Unit (Stainless Steel)
C: Underwater Light
D: Overflow-drain armature
E: Cover Grating
F: Fountain Attachment (Nozzle)
G: Extension Pipe
H: Suction Strainer
I: Fountain Basin
J: Suction Pipe
K: Delivery Pipe
L: Wall Transition
M: Centrifugal Pump

Fountain unit placed into the ground with dry-mounted centrifugal pump located in a separate pump chamber.

Advantages: Low water depth at perimeter. Low water volume. System under grate control – no danger of accident. Well-appointed due to built-in fittings for overflow and drainage. Pump protected in pump chamber.

Disadvantages: Higher expenditure of work and higher costs for basin, pump chamber, fittings and leads.

Option: Freshwater supply fitting, underwater illumination, cable inlet, electric control panel, electronic water level control.

Structural Variation 5
Key to the sketch here:
A: Fountain Basin
B: Return Flow Pipe
C: Return Flow Fitting
D: Delivery Pipe
E: Secondary Water Supply
F: Inlet Water Reservoir
G: Fountain Attachment (Nozzle)
H: Cover Grating
I: Bottom Transition
J: Drain Pipe
K: Sump Pump
L: Drain to Channel
M: Suction Strainer
N: Suction Pipe
O: Centrifugal Pump
P: Power Supply

Fountain unit with underground water reservoir as open system, is an alternative to units 1,2,3 and 4 above (closed system). Indispensable for units without basin water surface.

Advantages: System arranged largely covered. Large dirt absorption capacity due to large direct collecting screen. Little algae formation, since water temperature lower.

Disadvantages: Higher expenditure of works and costs for basin, water reservoir, fittings and leads.

Option: Freshwater feed via float valve or electronic water level control, underwater illumination, cable inlet fitting, electric control panel.

Structural Variation 6
Key to the sketch here:
A: Freshwater Inlet
B: Ceiling Transition
C: Bottom Transition
D:  Fountain Attachment (Nozzle)
E: Fountain Basin
F: Drain to Channel
G: Bottom Drain with Plug
H: Drain Pipe
I: Delivery Pipe
J: Return Flow Armature
K: Return Flow Pipe
L: Water Reservoir
M: Dirt Collecting Screen
N: Electric Control Panel
O: Centrifugal Pump

Fountain unit on an underground garage with water reservoir made of steel galvanized as completely ready prefabricated unit with pump and all necessary fittings.

Advantages: Little site expenditure since complete prefabricated unit. System arranged largely covered. Maintenance-friendly. Large dirt absorption capacity.

Disadvantages: Higher expenditure of costs for basin, water reservoir, fittings and leads as well as slightly higher energy costs. Dirt debris removal from the underground garage or cellar can be a problem.

Option: Underwater illumination, cable inlet fitting, electric control panel, electronic water level control.

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